Papaya (Carica papaya) is a plant that is trunked upright and wet. Papaya tree resembling a palm, can reach 8 to 10 meters with strong roots. The leaves resemble human hands. If the papaya leaves folded into two parts exactly in the middle, the papaya leaf symmetrical. The flowers are white. The fruit is elliptical. When immature, the skin is green and turns into green yellowish when ripe. Cavities in papaya fruit is star-shaped when the fruit cut transverse cross-section. Ripe fruit has orange red flesh with a soft texture and sweet taste. The seeds in the fruit are small, black and has bitter taste.
Papaya has many varieties:
– California papaya
This papaya has small size and elliptical shaped. The fruit is thick-skinned and flat. It has chewy flesh, thick, and sweet. Its weight ranges between 600 g to 2 kg.
– Cibinong papaya
This species has its own characteristics, when the fruit is ripe visible on its skin color, green yellowish. It has ellipse shape with a large size, the average weighed 2.5 kg / fruit. The base of fruit is small and then enlarge in the middle and tapering section ends. Fruit skin somewhat smooth but not flat. The flesh is red yellowish. It was sweet and fresh, and has hard texture.
– Bangkok papaya
Thick-skinned and not smooth, tapering at the ends. The size is very large compared to other types of papaya. Can weigh up to 3.5 kg / fruit. Reddish orange flesh, sweet and fresh. Hard texture makes this type resistant papaya in transport.